2012年7月19日 星期四

Mutton Fat White Jade 羊脂白玉








Mutton Fat White Jade 羊脂白玉

Mutton Fat White Jade

Mutton Fat White Jade is also called Mutton Fat Oily Luster White Jade or Sheet-Fat-Oily White Jade by some collectors.

In ancient China, mutton fat white jade was called Mutton Fat Jade only. Modern people are used to take pure white “White Jade” for granted as Mutton Fat White Jade, thus White has been always inserted in the Mutton Fat Jade by modern collectors.

What is it?

We know that jade is a beautiful semi-translucent precious stone that is denser than other stones and characterized by shiny, smooth, heavy surfaces and distinct sounds when knocked on. The beautiful characteristics of this work of art have led to its value as a wonderful decorative keepsake, as well as a great collection for investment, due to the fact that the Archaic Ancient Old Jade grows in value as it ages.

Mutton Fat White Jades can be further classified by archaic ancient and modern ones. Archaic ancient ones are those carved in Han Dynasty China from 206 B.C. to A.D. 220 and owned by the Han Emperor’s family. Then it was not allowed for people not in the imperial family to own such excellent jades in private. Modern ones are those discovered and carved after Qing Dynasty China from A.D. 1644 until nowadays.

There are two major differences between archaic ancient and modern Mutton Fat White Jades. One major difference is that archaic ancient Mutton Fat White Jades have semi-boiled rice phenomena in the jades’ muscular tissues nevertheless modern ones have no such phenomena.

Another difference is that archaic ancient Mutton Fat White Jades have been buried in the earth for more than 2000 years and have been confirmed and tested the same oily in luster and smooth in surface as carved before after such a severe thousands years of burying underground, while modern ones have not been tested in the earth for 2000 years yet. The quality of modern ones is still unknown to us.

People are used to take pure white jades with oily luster as modern Mutton Fat White Jades, and it’s really very difficult to decide it’s true or not. We can’t bury these pure white jades with oily luster in the earth for another 2000 years to examine if they are qualified not to be destroyed as archaic ancient ones. We have no governmental standards to compare if they are true Mutton Fat White Jades or not, as until so far there are still no such standards published by related governmental organizations. Thus everybody has a different measuring ruler in his own mind and modern Mutton Fat White Jades have become so popular almost everywhere in the world for you to examine them freely with volume. Since there are no standards, there are no true criteria, neither. People has to judge by his own preference.

Besides archaic ancient Mutton Fat White Jades were carved with extremely smooth “His Imperial Majesty Dignity of Han Emperor and an Appearance of King” by the excellent imperial jade carving master in Western Han Dynasty China for certain and modern Mutton Fat White Jades are absolutely not to be done and copied by modern carvings in this respect.

A Carved Archaic Sheep-Fat-Oily Mutton Fat White Jade Linking Clouds Royal Dragon Pendant was carved with extremely smooth “His Imperial Majesty Dignity of Han Emperor's Family and an Appearance of King's Family” by the excellent imperial jade carving master in Western Han Dynasty China.

A Carved Archaic Sheep-Fat-Oily Mutton Fat White Jade Linking Clouds Emperor's Extremely Good Auspices Presented by Dragon and Phoenix Pendant was also carved with extremely smooth “His Imperial Majesty Dignity of Han Emperor and an Appearance of King” by the excellent imperial jade carving master in Western Han Dynasty China.

History

Among the Archaic Ancient Old Jades of various kinds, the Archaic Ancient Mutton Fat White Jade was a gem class jade of the best quality ever found in Han Dynasty China 206 B.C. - A.D. 25. Since it was so recorded in the history 2000 years ago, modern people have never seen it nowadays. It was the only privilege jade of ancient Emperors' family in Han Dynasty China.

Used in art

The work of art made by this kind of jade was left so scarcely and has been seen rarely in this world. Thus modern people can only use personal imaginations and the data searched from internet to guess what it was and try to figure out what it would have been looked like. Its color is as that of fresh sheep fat just cut and has oily shining luster. Its inner jade muscular tissue contents have semi-boiled rice phenomena commonly existing in the natural ancient archaic old jades. Nevertheless the jades those were carved in Ming Dynasty, Qing Dynasty, and Modern China have no such phenomena.

Appearance

It looks like foggy translucent due to its sheep Mutton Fatlike Oily Luster appearance, while white jade looks different in this respect. Its oily white shining luster is seen with slight yellow light. It's oily and solid, translucent and clean, white and without cracks, just like the solidified sheep oily Mutton Fat. Its skin has no deceiving glass light, thus can be slightly varied after the long-term wear attached to human skin by its owner, while the jade that has been manually handled with deceiving glass light in its appearance has no such a function of varied skin colors any more.

The archaic works of art done by this kind of jade are rare.

A Carved Archaic Sheep-Fat-Oily White Jade Linking Clouds Royal Dragon Pendant 206 B.C. - A.D. 25 Western Han Dynasty China (H 4.4 x W 6.7 x D 1 cm 56 grams) was carved with the same "Archaic Mutton Fat Oily White Jade" as that used in "Western Han Queen's Seal" (H 2 x W 2.8 x D 2.8 cm 33 grams) collected by Shaanxi History Museum, Shaanxi Province, China.

Another typical example is a Carved Archaic Sheep-Fat-Oily Mutton Fat White Jade "Linking Clouds" Emperor's Extremely Good Auspices Presented by Dragon and Phoenix Pendant 206 B.C. - A.D. 25 Western Han Dynasty China (Size: Diameter 7 x Depth 0.6 cm, Weight: 54 g).

This Archaic Sheep-Fat-Oily Mutton Fat White Jade Linking Clouds Emperor's Extremely Good Auspices Presented by Dragon and Phoenix Pendant was carved with extremely smooth “His Imperial Majesty Dignity of Han Emperor and an Appearance of King” by the excellent imperial jade carving master in Western Han Dynasty China 206 B.C. - A.D. 25.

Even if the "Archaic Mutton Fat Oily Luster White Jade" has been buried in the water and earth for more than 2000 years, it is only slightly soaked in skin parts and still has the same smooth, shiny, oily luster as before due to its solid and dense quality. This is its very precious value never to be broken over thousands of years and the main reason why it has been classified as gem class valuable precious stone.

The "Archaic Mutton Fat White Jade Carved Western Han Queen's Seal" (Weight 33 g) collected by Shaanxi History Museum, Shaanxi Province, China, and the "Archaic Sheep-Fat-Oily White Jade Carved Western Han Dynasty Linking Clouds Royal Dragon Pendant", both are rare and have been buried in the water and earth for more than 2000 years, but they are only slightly soaked in skin parts and still has the same smooth, shiny, oily luster as before due to its solid and dense quality. This proves that their very precious value never to be broken over thousands of years and the main reason why the works of art carved by Mutton Fat Oily Luster White Jade have been always classified as gem class valuable national treasures in jade market.

Wonderful and Amazing Soakage of an Archaic Ancient Mutton Fat White Jade

The "Archaic Sheep-Fat-Oily White Jade Carved Western Han Dynasty Linking Clouds Royal Dragon Pendant" has incidentally been soaked in its tail skin part to become "dark brown". Thus it's also a very beautiful jade carved work of art with rather rare "Wonderful and Amazing Soakage of Mutton Fat White Jade - An Archaic Sheep-Fat-Oily White Jade Carved Sheep Dragon with Dark Brown Tail" existing in the world nowadays.

Basic Concepts of Authenticity Examinations for Archaic Ancient Old Jades and Archaic Ancient Mutton Fat White Jades

(1) Scratch Test: Archaic Ancient Mutton Fat White Jades are firm enough to resist from Scratch Test by human finger nails.

(2) Semi-Translucence Test: Archaic Ancient Mutton Fat White Jades are semi-translucent under the light of portable flashlight.

(3) Sound Test: The sound of an Archaic Ancient Mutton Fat White jade knocked slightly on another jade is just like that from a fine musical instrument and very clear. It’s not such heavy as those sounds knocked by stones or plastic goods.

(4) Soakage Color Test: The soakage color formed in the earth for thousands of years are natural. People are used to put Archaic Ancient Mutton Fat White Jades in pure clear warm water for at least one day and one night to see if the soakage color is still remained the same as usual before to judge if it’s dyed manually. From long-term basis, the manually dyed Fakes will fade their false soakage colors into one another gradually.

(5) Age Test: The Archaic Ancient Mutton Fat White Jades must have the appearance and totems of Imperial Royal His Majesty Dignity of an Emperor or a King in Han Dynasty China. This is quite different from the modern jade carved work of art designed just for an Art purpose only.

(6) Carvings of Holes Test: The holes of Archaic Ancient Mutton Fat White Jades were not straight penetrated from one side. They were penetrated from two sides and formed a curve path gap between two holes from each side.

(7) Carvings of Lines Test: The inclined feminine lines of Archaic Ancient Mutton Fat White Jades were not carved by machine tools that make lines straight forward with two sides of line wall straight upward vertically. They were carved one side of line wall straight upward vertically, while another side of line wall plane inclined by ancient bronze jade carving wheels.

(8) Totems test: The Archaic Ancient Mutton Fat White Jades must have Jade Carving Totems used in Han dynasty to be presented to the Imperial Royal His Majesty Dignity of an Emperor or a King in Han Dynasty China.

(9) Smooth Carvings Test: The Archaic Ancient Mutton Fat White Jades were carved by imperial skillful hand-made jade carving masters and must be carved simply, clearly and smoothly upon specially selected solid fine jades. This kind of carving is not existed in modern world by machine tools and art carving artists or sculptors.

(10) Weight (Density) Test: A true experienced jade collector or dealer can easily tell the difference between an Archaic Ancient Mutton Fat White Jade and other stones by just holding this Jade in hand to feel its heavy weight of high density.

(11) Surface Test: The surface of an Archaic Ancient Mutton Fat White is very smooth and quite different from other stones. A true experienced jade collector or dealer can easily tell the difference between this Jade and other stones by just touching the surface of an Archaic Ancient Mutton Fat White jade carved work of art gently with his fingers.

(12) Color Test: A true experienced jade collector or dealer can easily tell the difference between an Archaic Ancient Mutton Fat White Jade and other stones by just examining its natural beautiful color appeared in front of human eyes.

Reasons for Archaic Ancient Mutton Fat White Jades to become Gem Class Most Valuable National Treasures

The reasons why the “Archaic Mutton Fat Oily Luster White Jade” is classified as gem class valuable precious stone and the works of art carved by this jade have been always classified as gem class valuable national treasures are as follows:

(1) Its firm character of being not to be destroyed in the water and earth even after having been buried for thousands of years: The hardness, solidness and firmness of the “Archaic Mutton Fat Oily Luster White Jade” are better than steel, iron, and other kinds of jades. The discovered ones prove that even if having been buried in the water and earth for 2000 years, they have still the same smooth, shiny, oily luster as before with the same sheep fatlike oily luster as their original carvings had, and is not to be destroyed. These jades are really the best research and development objects of the material engineering science in the world.

(2) The beautiful characteristic semi-translucent nature shown like the changeable skin color of a lizard: Due to their natural semi-translucent character, once these jades are placed in front of backgrounds of different colors, the gorgeous colors shown by these jades are to be changed accordingly. Thus they are amazingly beautiful!
     
      Due to the beautiful natural characteristic semi-translucent nature shown like the changeable skin color of a lizard, once Archaic Mutton Fat White Jade is placed in front of backgrounds of six different colors, the gorgeous colors shown by this jade is to be changed accordingly.

(3) Scarcity of discovery, dense and tiny cubic volume, nevertheless bigger than diamond, can be carved into fine works of art by ancient Chinese: The formation of the “Archaic Mutton Fat Oily Luster White Jade” is under the same pressure coefficient from the crust of the earth as diamond on account of its solid and dense characters. Thus these jades are scarce and rare with dense and tiny cubic volume. Nevertheless they are still bigger than diamonds. Diamonds are not to be carved into fine works of art in different shapes full of variety by mankind, but these jades can be done freely. These archaic jades prove that even 2000 years ago, ancient Chinese had already developed the high technology to carve these extremely firm and hard “Archaic Mutton Fat White Jade” into fine and beautiful work of art for the Imperial Emperor to appreciate the art.

(4) The Legend and Myth Stories of Jade Carved Works of Art done for thousands of years are always forever and forever to Chinese, and never to be ended: In ancient society of China, lots of Legend and Myth Stories of Jade Carved Works of Art done for thousands of years, such as their protections upon their owner mater's body good health, their collections of good lucks and fortunes in behalf of their owner master,...etc., have generally provoked Chinese directly to take great interests in the Jade Carved Works of Art owned by the ancient imperial royal family of the Emperor thousands of years ago. This is the so-called Chinese psychological historical affections upon these Archaic Ancient Old Jades that have been done for thousands of years.

(5) Due to their extremely valuable prices, nevertheless in very tiny cubic volume, easy to be carried by human body in transit and easy to be concealed or hidden from enemies, not to be damaged over thousands of years, have made these Jade Carved Works of Art to become the best haven investment commodity in ancient China: In ancient China, the First Emperor of Qin Dynasty ever tried to exchange his 15 cities for a famous Jade carved work of art called He-Shi-Bi from the Nation Zhao in the historical record. This proves that the Archaic Ancient Old Jades that have been done for thousands of years have been always the substitutes for the most valuable and expensive, high end, strongest currency since the ancient times until now. They are shaped in very tiny cubic volume, easy to be carried by human body in transit and easy to be concealed or hidden from enemies, as well as not to be damaged over thousands of years. Thus these natural features have benefited these Jade Carved Works of Art that have been done for thousands of years to become the best haven investment commodity in ancient China, no matter it was in peaceful or warring times.

Reference

(1) Archaic Sheep-Fat-Oily Mutton Fat White Jade carved Western Han Queen's Seal (H 2 x W 2.8 x D 2.8 cm 33 g) in Western Han Dynasty, Shaanxi History Museum, Shaanxi Province, China.

http://www.sxhm.com/web/bgscn.asp?id=6578

(2) Archaic Sheep-Fat-Oily Mutton Fat White Jade carved Dragon Pendant and Cicada (collected by Nanjing Museum) in Western Han Dynasty, Hunan Provincial Museum, Hunan Province, China.

http://www.hnmuseum.com/hnmuseum/collection/collectionWeekInfo.jsp?type=2&columnid=0120adc9a88c4028848320ac6cc70070&preid=010ca49c08a2402881c10ca495330009

(3) Mutton Fat White Jade in Chinese language, Encyclopedia of Taiwan, Ministry of Culture, Taiwan, R.O.C.

http://taiwanpedia.culture.tw/web/content?ID=100809


羊脂白玉

羊脂白玉可分成高古羊脂白玉與近現代羊脂白玉兩種。

高古羊脂白玉

高古羊脂白玉主要是指中國古代西元前206年至西元220年中國漢朝時期的皇帝家族特權專用玉, 亦為中國漢朝時期用玉中的寶石級極品,因為其質地非常硬密, 堅硬及強韌度遠遠勝過鋼鐵與其他類的玉種, 而出土的高古羊脂白玉亦證明其入土 2000 餘年卻仍然溫潤如初, 油脂光澤如故, 並未遭受毀壞,如下方三例︰

(1) 中國陝西省陜西歷史博物館的館藏 "高古羊脂白玉雕西漢皇后之璽" (1968年出土於陝西省咸陽市韓家灣狼家溝村。高 2.8 厘米,邊長 2.8 厘米,重 33 公克。)。

(2) 西元前206年至西元25年中國西漢朝時期 “高古羊脂白玉透雕漢朝皇帝用勾連雲紋龍鳳呈祥珮” (環珮直徑 7 厘米,厚度 0.6 厘米,重 54 公克。)。

(3) 西元前206年至西元25年中國西漢朝時期 “高古羊脂白玉透空圓雕漢朝皇室用勾連雲紋龍形珮” (珮高 4.4 厘米,寬 6.7 厘米,厚度 1 厘米,重 56 公克。)。

高古羊脂白玉的存世量極為稀少, 因此一直是極為罕見。 許多人品玉、賞玉、玩玉一輩子,卻無緣接觸到真正的高古羊脂白玉。此玉色若羊脂, 具油脂性光澤, 玉之白色肌裡有天然古玉的飯滲現象, 而明清及現代玉則無。 因其水頭足而呈霧狀之天然半透明狀, 此點則與白玉的明確白色玉皮外表略有不同。油脂光澤白色中則透出微微黃色, 有點像羊脂的乳白色或微微乳黃色。玉質溫潤堅密, 瑩透純淨, 潔白無瑕, 如同凝脂,縱使入土千年不壞,仍然溫潤堅密如故。 玉皮上並無任何的玻璃賊光現像,其皮色可因主人之長期盤玉而起微微的變化。

高古羊脂白玉並非是使用現代的機械工具所雕琢, 而是利用中國古代的手工雕法。 因此高古羊脂白玉之雕琢皆為厚實,簡練, 古工流暢, 並常常刻有中國西漢朝時期所常用之陰線花式勾連雲紋圖騰, 此皆為中國西漢朝時期的慣用玉雕技法與紋飾。 而高古羊脂白玉工藝品之玉皮上, 亦往往具備有非常清楚與明顯的中國古老羊脂白玉黃土微沁色於其玉皮上,但玉肉質則因質地非常硬密而往往千年不沁,一切仍舊溫潤堅密如故。

古玉及古羊脂白玉的基本真假鑑定觀念︰

(1) 指甲刮痕測試︰古玉及古羊脂白玉之硬度足以抗拒人類指甲之任何刮傷痕跡。

(2) 半透光測試︰古玉及古羊脂白玉於手電筒燈光照射時是半透光的。

(3) 敲擊聲測試︰以一件古玉及古羊脂白玉輕輕敲擊另一件古玉及古羊脂白玉時,可發出如精良樂器般清脆悅耳的聲音,不像其他類石頭或是塑膠製品之敲擊聲那麼悶重。

(4) 沁色測試︰古玉及古羊脂白玉埋入土中數千年所產生的沁色是天然的。大家習慣將古玉及古羊脂白玉浸入清潔溫水中至少一天一夜以上,觀察其沁色是否仍然保持自然如前,藉以判斷是否為人工染色。從長期盤玉觀點而言,人工所染之色將逐漸褪去色彩而顯得不自然。

(5) 古老年代測試︰古玉及古羊脂白玉必須具備有皇家皇帝或帝王之尊貴威嚴圖騰,此點與現代純粹以藝術工藝品為目的之現代玉石雕琢工藝確實有所不同。

(6) 鑽洞技術測試︰古玉及古羊脂白玉之鑽洞技術並非是從一方以一洞直直地鑽到底;而是從兩方分別打洞而在兩洞之接觸點形成彎曲途徑的銜接縫隙接點。

(7) 陰刻線紋測試:古玉及古羊脂白玉之陰刻線紋並非是以形成線紋兩側溝壁皆是垂直向上直直往前行的現代電動手工具所刻成;其陰刻線紋是一側線紋溝壁為垂直向上,另一側線紋溝壁則是如傾斜平面般的勾撒斜刀法,主要是因為古代青銅製玉石雕琢舵輪工具所形成之故。

(8) 圖騰線紋測試︰古玉及古羊脂白玉必須具備有皇家皇帝或帝王之尊貴威嚴圖騰線紋,如龍紋、鳳紋、勾連雲紋…等皆是。

(9) 雕工熟練平滑測試︰古玉及古羊脂白玉雕工藝品是由古代皇室玉工以特選堅固玉石及熟練人工雕琢工藝技術所刻成。這種人工雕琢工藝技術在現代以電動手工具雕琢玉石的雕刻或雕塑藝術家中已經不存在。

(10) 手感沉重密度高測試︰有經驗的收藏家或經銷商,將古玉及古羊脂白玉放在手掌中,憑其手感沉重與否及密度高低便可斷出其玉石真偽。

(11) 玉皮平滑測試︰古玉及古羊脂白玉的玉皮異常平滑,與其他類石頭顯然不同。有經驗的收藏家或經銷商,以手指頭輕柔地摸一摸古玉及古羊脂白玉所雕琢的工藝品表面,便可輕易分辨出其玉石真偽。

(12) 玉色自然美麗測試︰古玉及古羊脂白玉之玉色在人類眼睛面前顯得自然而美麗,有經驗的收藏家或經銷商一看便知其玉石真假。

高古羊脂白玉雕藝術品皆被當作是寶石級珍貴寶物的主要原因為:

(1) 高古羊脂白玉之堅硬及強韌度皆為遠勝過鋼鐵與其他類玉種, 而已出土的高古羊脂白玉更是證明其入土 2000 餘年卻是仍然溫潤如初, 油脂光澤溫潤如故, 並未能毀壞, 其刻成之工藝品可千年不壞。

(2) 因為高古羊脂白玉是天然半透明的, 所以當其背景的色系調節變化時, 高古羊脂白玉所顯示的天然絢麗色彩亦隨著變化,宛如蜥蝪變色龍一般,其半透明的天然美麗特質真是令人驚歎不已。

(3) 因其質地硬密, 形成時所承受之地殼壓力係數係相當於鑽石, 因此數量稀少, 體積不大, 卻比鑽石大,可供古代的中國人將之雕琢成精美的藝術品供皇帝鑑賞。

(4) 中國人對於古代皇室家族所持有的 “千年古玉” 可保護主人的身體健康與帶來主人的好心情及好運勢等等的神話與傳奇故事為歷久彌新,永不毀滅。

(5) 因其價值非常昂貴, 卻是體積很小, 便於一般人的貼身攜帶及藏匿, 又千年不易毀壞, 為古代中國人的最佳祖傳家寶與保值投資性避風港商品,故古人常云︰「黃金有價,玉卻無價。」。

近現代羊脂白玉

近現代羊脂白玉則是指清代以後所新開採的羊脂白玉而言,因為沒有國家或官方機構所制定的鑑定標準值可供參考,也不可能將近現代羊脂白玉埋入地下 2000 年,等 2000 年以後再挖出來看它是否真為千年不壞。因此一般人皆以具油脂光澤、外表潔白無瑕的白玉作為羊脂白玉的代表,但是因為沒有一定的標準值,也就無法說它到底是真還是不真,各人心中自然會有一把尺。

近現代羊脂白玉與高古羊脂白玉最大的差別在於高古羊脂白玉具有古玉的飯滲現象及已經歷經過古代 2000 餘年的入土千錘百鍊嚴峻考驗,故較為具體而真實。但近現代羊脂白玉並未有古玉的飯滲現象,也尚未接受過入土 2000 餘年的嚴厲測試。因此,是否真正為「千年不壞」還仍然是個未知數。

參考資料

(1) 陝西省陜西歷史博物館館藏羊脂白玉雕西漢皇后之璽 (1968年出土於陝西省咸陽市韓家灣狼家溝村。高 2.8 厘米,邊長 2.8 厘米,重 33 公克。)。

http://www.sxhm.com/web/bgscn.asp?id=6578

(2) 湖南省博物馆 透雕动物纹玉嵌饰深入探索 汉代玉器欣赏 西汉后期 龙形玉佩 (南京博物馆藏长4. 7厘米 宽2. 8厘米 1974年江苏省盱眙县东阳四号墓出土羊脂白玉)。

http://www.hnmuseum.com/hnmuseum/collection/collectionWeekInfo.jsp?type=2&columnid=0120adc9a88c4028848320ac6cc70070&preid=010ca49c08a2402881c10ca495330009

(3) 羊脂白玉, 台灣大百科全書, 文化部, 台灣, 中華民國.

http://taiwanpedia.culture.tw/web/content?ID=100809



99 Paintings 書畫 12 Antiques 古董
99 Fine Chinese Paintings and 12 Antiques in 2013
2013 年 99 幅中國書畫及 12 件古董精品

Chinese Painters 中國畫家:
(1) 張大千 Zhang Daqian 张大千 (32 幅/pcs)
(2) 齊白石 Qi Baishi 齐白石 (10 幅/pcs)
(3) 徐悲鴻 Xu Beihong 徐悲鸿 (8 幅/pcs)
(4) 吳冠中 Wu Guanzhong 吴冠中 (7 幅/pcs)
(5) 傅抱石 Fu Baoshi 傅抱石 (3 幅/pcs)
(6) 李可染 Li Keran 李可染 (1 幅/pc)
(7) 陸儼少 Lu Yanshao 陆俨少 (1 幅/pc)
(8) 黃冑 Huang Zhou 黃冑 (1 幅/pc)
(9) 黃賓虹 Huang Binhong 黄宾虹 (3 幅/pcs)
(10) 吳昌碩 Wu Changshuo 吴昌硕 (1 幅/pc)
(11) 林風眠 Lin Fengmian 林风眠 (4 幅/pcs)
(12) 吳湖帆 Wu Hufan 吴湖帆 (4 幅/pcs)
(13) 謝稚柳 Xie Zhiliu 谢稚柳 (1 幅/pc)
(14) 黃君璧 Huang Junbi 黄君璧 (2 幅/pc)
(15) 愛新覺羅 溥儒 Pu Ru 溥心畬 Pu Xinyu (1 幅/pc)
(16) 唐雲 Tang Yun 唐云 (1 幅/pc)
(17) 趙少昂 Zhao Shao’Ang 赵少昂 (3 幅/pcs)
(18) 何海霞 He Haixia 何海霞 (1 幅/pc)
(19) 關山月 Guan Shanyue 关山月 (1 幅/pc)
(20) 豐子愷 Feng Zikai 丰子恺 (1 幅/pc)
(21) 顏伯龍 Yan Bolong 颜伯龙 (4 幅/pcs)
(22) 愛新覺羅溥佐 Aisin Gioro Pu Zuo (1 幅/pc)
(23) 高逸鴻 Gao Yihong 高逸鸿 (1 幅/pc)
(24) 田世光 Tian Shiguang 田世光 (1 幅/pc)
(25) 袁松年 Yuan Songnian 袁松年 (1 幅/pc)
(26) 高奇峰 Gao Qifeng 高奇峰 (1 幅/pc)
(27) 陳之佛 Chen Zhifo 陈之佛 (1 幅/pc)
(28) 陳半丁 Chen Banding 陈半丁 (1 幅/pc)
(29) 馮超然 Feng Chaoran 冯超然 (1 幅/pc)
(30) 鄭板橋 Zheng Banqiao 郑板桥 (1 幅/pc)

Works of Art 藝術品:
(1) 古董 Antiques (2 件/pcs)
(2) 玉 Jades (8 件/pcs)
(3) 羊脂白玉 Mutton Fat White Jades (2 件/pcs)

99 Paintings 書畫 12 Antiques 古董

Works of Art List 藝術作品名錄

Paintings 書畫作品

Chinese Painters 中國畫家:

(1) 張大千 Zhang Daqian 张大千 (32 幅/pcs)
1. Zhang Daqian Happy Birthday to Chairman Chang Kaishek of the Government inscribed by Yu Youren 張大千作于右任題大觀高仕祝壽圖手卷
2. Zhang Daqian After the Rising and Warm Green Mountains by Huang Gongwang with Calligraphy 張大千作擬元代黃公望浮巒暖翠山水圖及書法立軸
3. Zhang Daqian Splashed Landscape Fuchun Mountain 張大千作富春山居潑彩山水圖
4. Zhang Daqian Mountain Emei May Be Crossed On Top 張大千作可以橫絕峨嵋巔潑彩山水圖
5. Zhang Daqian A Bird’s-eye View on Taiwan Cross-Island Road near Herhuan 張大千作台灣橫貫公路合歡山鳥瞰金碧潑彩山水圖
6. Zhang Daqian 18 Luohan Disciples Appointed to Witness to Buddhist Truth handscroll 張大千作十八羅漢圖手卷
7. Zhang Daqian The Dreamland of Mountain Qingcheng in Heavenly Place 張大千作夢入靑城天下幽人間仙境圖
8. Zhang Daqian The Heavenly Place in Mankind World 張大千作人家在仙堂潑彩山水圖
9. Zhang Daqian Sun is Rising and Darkness is Fallen allover the Mountain with Calligraphy 張大千作天開影墮潑彩山水圖及書法對聯
10. Zhang Daqian Painting the Elder Bintourlu after Technique of Song Dynasty 張大千作倣宋人畫賓頭盧尊者像
11. Zhang Daqian Listening to the Springs below the Mountains handscroll 張大千作山水生風聽泉入山麓金碧潑彩山水圖手卷
12. Zhang Daqian Waterfall in a Quiet Mountain Valley with Calligraphy 張大千作幽谷飛瀑潑彩山水圖及書法對聯
13. Zhang Daqian Recalling the Beautiful Scenery of Mountain Huang in China 張大千作遙思黃山故景潑彩山水圖
14. Zhang Daqian Splashed Colour Landscape of Beautiful Mountain Qingcheng 張大千作青城天下幽潑彩山水圖
15. Zhang Daqian Golden Outline Red Lotus and a Flying Bird 張大千作香清鈎金紅荷翔鳥圖
16. Zhang Daqian One Flower in One World White Lotus and attached calligraphy 張大千作一花一世界白荷花圖及書法立軸
17. Zhang Daqian Lady with a Fan Bamboos Parrot Hairpin in Tang’s Clothes 張大千作仿莫高窟初唐人衣飾鸚鵡簪髮飾新篁紈扇仕女圖
18. Zhang Daqian Beauty in Red Hair-kerchief Wooden Shoes White Robe Bamboos 張大千作脩竹紅髮巾木屐白袍裸肩日本美女圖
19. Zhang Daqian Han Changli Composed a Lyric Poem Derived from Chu Dynasty 張大千作韓昌黎作楚語圖
20. Zhang Daqian Scholars Appreciating Maples 張大千作高仕賞楓圖
21. Zhang Daqian Black Cloud Covering on Top of Mt. Emei among Blue Cloud 張大千作可以橫絕峨眉巔黑雲滿布山頂藍雲環繞山間奇景潑墨兼潑彩山水圖
22. Zhang Daqian Dwelling in the Mountain by the Lake Wuting 張大千作五亭湖上山居潑彩山水圖
23. Zhang Daqian Spring Cloud and Morning Mist dated 1979 張大千1979年作春雲曉靄潑彩山水圖
24. Zhang Daqian Spring Cloud and Morning Mist dated 1965 張大千1965年作春雲曉靄潑彩山水圖
25. Zhang Daqian Impressionistic Red Lotus 張大千作寫意紅荷圖
26. Zhang Daqian Golden Outlined Red Lotus and Double Mandarin Ducks 張大千作愛清氣鈎金紅荷花鴛鴦嘉耦潑彩圖
27. Zhang Daqian High Mountain and Deep Cloud 張大千作山高雲深山水圖
28. Zhang Daqian Golden Outlined Landscape 張大千作金碧山水圖
29. Zhang Daqian Lady with a Fan and Bamboos in Splashed Colors 張大千作潑彩竹葉紈扇仕女圖
30. Zhang Daqian Seven Character Calligraphy Couplet 張大千作七言書法對聯
31. Zhang Daqian Six Character Calligraphy Couplet 張大千作六言書法對聯
32. Zhang Daqian Splashed Color Golden Outlined Red Lotus on Gold Sheet 張大千作金箋潑彩描金紅荷花圖

(2) 齊白石 Qi Baishi 齐白石 (10 幅/pcs)
1. Qi Baishi Lotus Fish Frogs Shrimps and Crabs handscroll inscribed by Zhang Daqian 齊白石作張大千題香清荷花魚蛙蝦蟹圖手卷
2. Qi Baishi The Ten Elder Men in the Legend of China 齊白石作十全老人神賢圖
3. Qi Baishi Lotus Double Mandarin Ducks and Love Shrimps 齊白石作荷花鴛鴦雙蝦佳偶圖
4. Qi Baishi Wealth and Powerful Honour are Both to Come 齊白石作富貴有期圖
5. Qi Baishi Lotus and Shrimps 齊白石作荷花群蝦圖
6. Qi Baishi A Lotus Pond and Shrimps 齊白石作荷花池塘群蝦圖
7. Qi Baishi A Spring Voice and Great Luck 齊白石作春聲大吉圖
8. Qi Baishi Eagle Perching on the Pine 齊白石作松鷹圖
9. Qi Baishi Prolonging Life Impressionistic Squirrel on Pine Red Peach Double Screens 齊白石作寫意松樹上松鼠與紅桃益壽圖對屏

(3) 徐悲鴻 Xu Beihong 徐悲鸿 (8 幅/pcs)
1. Xu Beihong The Hard Water Drawing of the People Lived in Chongqing handscroll inscribed by Zhang Daqian 徐悲鴻作張大千題巴人汲水圖手卷
2. Xu Beihong Jiufang Gao People in the Chinese Ancient Historical Poem 徐悲鴻作九方皋圖
3. Xu Beihong People in Chinese Ancient Historical Poem of Six Dynasties 徐悲鴻作六朝人詩意圖
4. Xu Beihong China the Wounded Lion Sat Watching American Flying Tiger 徐悲鴻作中國負傷之獅遙望美國飛虎飛將軍
5. Xu Beihong Lions and Snake 徐悲鴻作獅與蛇
6. Xu Beihong The Single Flying Eagle and the Lion 徐悲鴻作獨飛老鷹與獅子圖
7. Xu Beihong Lion and Eagle 徐悲鴻作獅子老鷹圖
8. Xu Beihong Prolonging Life Auspicious Cranes Ganoderma Lucidum Fungus 徐悲鴻作祥鶴靈芝延年益壽圖
(4) 吳冠中 Wu Guanzhong 吴冠中 (7 幅/pcs)
1. Wu Guanzhong The People Live in Mali Village 吳冠中作馬里村頭人物風景圖
2. Wu Guanzhong The Dwellings by the River and Mountain in Southern China 吳冠中作江南民居風景圖
3. Wu Guanzhong The Lion Grove Garden (Lion Woods) 吳冠中作獅子林
4. Wu Guanzhong The Wu Gorge 吳冠中作巫峽魂
5. Wu Guanzhong Rocks by the Sea 吳冠中作海滨石
6. Wu Guanzhong The Single-Log Bridge 吳冠中作獨木橋
7. Wu Guanzhong Expressionistic Lotus 吳冠中作表現主義的荷花
(5) 傅抱石 Fu Baoshi 傅抱石 (3 幅/pcs)
1. Fu Baoshi Hwan Shyua Showed Painting to Guests in East Jin Dynasty handscroll inscribed by Yu Youren 傅抱石作于右任題詩入畫中桓玄出畫圖手卷
2. Fu Baoshi The Nine Elders of the Poetry by Bai Juyi in Tang Dynasty handscroll inscribed by Xu Beihong 傅抱石作徐悲鴻題元氣淋漓九老圖手卷
3. Fu Baoshi Premier Xie An Brought Beauties to the East Shan Mountain handscroll inscribed by Xie Zhiliu 傅抱石作謝稚柳題春風綠揚東山攜妓圖手卷
(6) 李可染 Li Keran 李可染 (1 幅/pc)
1. Li Keran The Landscape of River Li being Well-known Forever 李可染作漓江山水傳千古圖
(7) 陸儼少 Lu Yanshao 陆俨少 (1 幅/pc)
1. Lu Yanshao Spring and Rocks Landscape of Mountain Yandang 陸儼少作雁蕩泉石山水圖
(8) 黃冑 Huang Zhou 黃冑 (1 幅/pc)
1. Huang Zhou The Children and Father Sitting on the Back of Camels 黃冑作駱駝背上的小學生與父親
(9) 黃賓虹 Huang Binhong 黄宾虹 (3 幅/pcs)
1. Huang Binhong Landscape 黃賓虹作山水圖
2. Huang Binhong Landscape Hanging Scroll (1) 黃賓虹作山水圖立軸(1)
3. Huang Binhong Landscape Hanging Scroll (2) 黃賓虹作山水圖立軸(2)
(10) 吳昌碩 Wu Changshuo 吴昌硕 (1 幅/pc)
1. Wu Changshuo Annual Purely Floral and Fruity Tributes 吳昌碩作歲朝清供圖
(11) 林風眠 Lin Fengmian 林风眠 (4 幅/pcs)
1. Lin Fengmian Five Naked Ladies 林風眠作五裸女圖
2. Lin Fengmian Two Beautiful Ladies and the Vase 林風眠作二美與花瓶圖
3. Lin Fengmian Three Beautiful Ladies and the Vase 林風眠作三美與花瓶圖
4. Lin Fengmian Court Ladies and the Vase 林風眠作宮女與花瓶圖
(12) 吳湖帆 Wu Hufan 吴湖帆 (4 幅/pcs)
1. Wu Hufan Dwelling in the Mountains handscroll inscribed by Xie Zhiliu 吳湖帆作謝稚柳題春風綠揚枝山居圖手卷
2. Wu Hufan Dwelling in the Mountains 吳湖帆作山居圖
3. Wu Hufan Landscape after Zhao Mengfu 吳湖帆作擬趙孟頫山水圖
4. Wu Hufan Seven Character Calligraphy Couplet 吳湖帆作七言書法對聯
(13) 謝稚柳 Xie Zhiliu 谢稚柳 (1 幅/pc)
1. Xie Zhiliu Landscape in Windy Spirit 謝稚柳作生風抖擻山水圖
(14) 黃君璧 Huang Junbi 黄君璧 (2 幅/pc)
1. Huang Junbi High Mountains and Flowing Waters Landscape 黃君璧作高山流水山水圖 (鏡片 mounted)
2. Huang Junbi High Mountains and Flowing Waters Landscape 黃君璧作高山流水山水圖 (立軸 hanging scroll)
(15) 愛新覺羅 溥儒 Pu Ru 溥心畬 Pu Xinyu (1 幅/pc)
1. Pu Ru Green Mountain and White Cloud handscroll inscribed by Zhang Daqian 溥儒作張大千題青山白雲山水圖手卷
(16) 唐雲 Tang Yun 唐云 (1 幅/pc)
1. Tang Yun Birds and Flowers 唐雲作花鳥圖

(17) 趙少昂 Zhao Shao’Ang 赵少昂 (3 幅/pcs)
1. Zhao Shao’Ang Flowers and Bird Double Screen 趙少昂作花鳥圖對屏
2. Zhao Shao’Ang Tall Willow Tree Morning Cicada Bamboos and Little Bird 趙少昂作高柳曉蟬竹葉小鳥圖
(18) 何海霞 He Haixia 何海霞 (1 幅/pc)
1. He Haixia Landscape 何海霞作山水圖

(19) 關山月 Guan Shanyue 关山月 (1 幅/pc)
1. Guan Shanyue Spring is coming to Southern Guangdong Landscape 關山月作春到南粵山水圖
(20) 豐子愷 Feng Zikai 丰子恺 (1 幅/pc)
1. Feng Zikai A Small Table Three Friends and Plum Blossoms 豐子愷作小桌三朋梅花圖
(21) 顏伯龍 Yan Bolong 颜伯龙 (4 幅/pcs)
1. Yan Bolong Colorful Birds Flowers and Plants Four Screens 顏伯龍作彩鳥與花草小樹圖四條屏
(22) 愛新覺羅溥佐 Aisin Gioro Pu Zuo (1 幅/pc)
1. Aisin Gioro Pu Zuo Two Beautiful Horses 愛新覺羅溥佐作雙駿馬圖
(23) 高逸鴻 Gao Yihong 高逸鸿 (1 幅/pc)
1. Gao Yihong Beautiful Flowers Attracting Bees 高逸鴻作群花爭艷招蜂圖
(24) 田世光 Tian Shiguang 田世光 (1 幅/pc)
1. Tian Shiguang Flowers and Birds 田世光作花鳥圖
(25) 袁松年 Yuan Songnian 袁松年 (1 幅/pc)
1. Yuan Songnian Landscape 袁松年作山水圖
(26) 高奇峰 Gao Qifeng 高奇峰 (1 幅/pc)
1. Gao Qifeng Flowers and Bamboos 高奇峰作花竹圖
(27) 陳之佛 Chen Zhifo 陈之佛 (1 幅/pc)
1. Chen Zhifo Wild Geese under Willow Shadow 陳之佛作柳蔭雁鴨圖
(28) 陳半丁 Chen Banding 陈半丁 (1 幅/pc)
1. Chen Banding Flowers and Birds 陳半丁 ( 陳年 ) 作花鳥圖
(29) 馮超然 Feng Chaoran 冯超然 (1 幅/pc)
1. Feng Chaoran Landscape 馮超然作山水圖
(30) 鄭板橋 Zheng Banqiao 郑板桥 (1 幅/pc)
1. Zheng Banqiao Orchids Bamboos and Rocks 鄭板橋作蘭竹石圖

Works of Art 藝術品:

Antiques 古董
(1) 古董 Antiques (2 件/pcs)
1. A Bronze Money-Shaking Fortune Tree Qing Dynasty China 中國清朝青銅搖錢樹
2. A Gilt-Bronze Guanyin Bodhisattva Figure Tang Dynasty China 中國唐朝銅鎏金觀音菩薩造像
(2) 玉 Jades (8 件/pcs)
1. A White Jade Pig-and-Bird-Winged Dragon Winged Mythical Beast Hongshan Culture China 中國紅山文化古白玉雕豬鳥翼形龍
2. A White Jade Persian Face Elephant Puzzle Han Dynasty China 中國漢朝古玉雕波斯人面大象紋益智拼圖
3. A Green Jade Sword Token of Imperial Authority by Emperor Shang Dynasty China 中國商朝古青玉雕玉劍令牌
4. A Jade Fish Wine-Cup Western Zhou Dynasty China 中國西周古玉雕魚形酒杯
5. A Red Jade Military Token Qing Dynasty China 中國清朝古紅玉雕軍事玉令牌
6. A White Jade Cavalrymen War Horses Halberds of Middle Sizes Militarism Worship Cong of the First Emperor of Qin 中國東周戰國至秦朝時期古白玉雕騎兵戰馬中戟紋秦始皇帝崇武玉琮
7. A Pale Celadon Greenish White Jade Linking Nipple Grain Phoenix Twisted Ropes Heaven Worship Bi of Nation Chu 中國東周戰國時期古青白玉淺浮雕勾連乳丁穀紋鳳紋扭繩紋楚國祭天玉璧
8. A Celadon Green Jade Twisted Ropes Triple Sitting Hornless Dragons Green-Dragon-Son-of-Heaven Pendant 中國西周時期古青玉雕扭繩紋三盤螭龍青龍天子珮
(3) 羊脂白玉 Mutton Fat White Jades (2 件/pcs)
1. A Mutton Fat White Jade Linking Clouds Royal Dragon Pendant Western Han Dynasty China 中國西漢古羊脂白玉透空圓雕勾連雲紋龍形珮
2. A Coincident Carved Khotan Russet Skin Mutton Fat White Jade Sitting Double-humped Camel Western Han Dynasty China 中國西漢和闐黑棗皮古羊脂白玉巧雕坐姿雙峯駱駝

Taiwan Web Museum
A Free Exhibition Museum in the Internet World

台灣網路藝術美術博物館 
網路世界裡的免費博物館 

台湾网络艺术美术博物馆 
网络世界里的免费博物馆 

Free Website to See Paintings by Chinese Artists Listed in 2011 World Auction Revenue Top 30 and Rare Archaic Chinese Ancient Antiques
觀賞2011年列名世界拍賣總收入前30名中國畫家名畫作品及中國古代罕見的古董之免費網址

http://orionwebmuseum.blogspot.com
http://taiwanwebmuseum.blogspot.com
http://orionandhsu.blogspot.com
http://art-3000.com/artist/orionandhsu/

Auction site: ( Paintings 書畫作品 Page 01 )
http://web.artprice.com/classifieds/fineart/list?classified%5Bidclassifiedauctionmode%5D=1&classified%5Bidclassifiedclass%5D=1&from=classifieds&idcurrencyzone=2&l=en&order=price_sorted_eur&ordertype=desc&page=1&search_label=&searchterm=Enter+a+key+word+%28work+title%2C+artist+or+gallery+name...%29

Auction site: ( Paintings 書畫作品 Page 02 )
http://web.artprice.com/classifieds/fineart/list?classified%5Bidclassifiedauctionmode%5D=1&classified%5Bidclassifiedclass%5D=1&from=classifieds&idcurrencyzone=2&l=en&order=price_sorted_eur&ordertype=desc&page=2&search_label=&searchterm=Enter+a+key+word+%28work+title%2C+artist+or+gallery+name...%29

Auction site: ( Paintings 書畫作品 Page 03 )
http://web.artprice.com/classifieds/fineart/list?classified%5Bidclassifiedauctionmode%5D=1&classified%5Bidclassifiedclass%5D=1&from=classifieds&idcurrencyzone=2&l=en&order=price_sorted_eur&ordertype=desc&page=3&search_label=&searchterm=Enter+a+key+word+%28work+title%2C+artist+or+gallery+name...%29

Auction site: ( Antiques 古董 )
http://web.artprice.com/classifieds/decorative/list?classified%5Bidclassifiedauctionmode%5D=1&classified%5Bidclassifiedclass%5D=2&from=classifieds&idcurrencyzone=2&l=en&order=price_sorted_eur&ordertype=desc&page=1&search_label=&searchterm=Enter+a+key+word+%28work+title%2C+artist+or+gallery+name...%29

參考文字 Reference Words :
張大千 Zhang Daqian 张大千 齊白石 Qi Baishi 齐白石 徐悲鴻 Xu Beihong 徐悲鸿 吳冠中 Wu Guanzhong 吴冠中 傅抱石 Fu Baoshi 傅抱石 李可染 Li Keran 李可染 陸儼少 Lu Yanshao 陆俨少 黃冑 Huang Zhou 黃冑 趙無極 Zao Wou-ki 赵无极 黃賓虹 Huang Binhong 黄宾虹 吳昌碩 Wu Changshuo 吴昌硕 林風眠 Lin Fengmian 林风眠 曾梵志 Zeng Fanzhi 曾梵志 范曾 Fan Zeng 范曾 王蒙 Wang Meng 王蒙 吳湖帆 Wu Hufan 吴湖帆 王翬 Wang Hui 王翚 謝稚柳 Xie Zhiliu 谢稚柳 Tang Yin 唐寅 Pu Ru 愛新覺羅 溥儒 Pu Xinyu 溥心畬 愛新覺羅溥佐 Aisin Gioro Pu Zuo 趙少昂 Zhao Shao’Ang 赵少昂 關山月 Guan Shanyue 关山月 黃君璧 Huang Junbi 黄君璧 何海霞 He Haixia 何海霞 高逸鴻 Gao Yihong 高逸鸿 顏伯龍 Yan Bolong 颜伯龙 唐雲 Tang Yun 唐云 豐子愷 Feng Zikai 丰子恺 田世光 Tian Shiguang 田世光 袁松年 Yuan Songnian 袁松年 高奇峰 Gao Qifeng 高奇峰 陳之佛 Chen Zhifo 陈之佛 陳半丁 Chen Banding 陈半丁 馮超然 Feng Chaoran 冯超然 鄭板橋 Zheng Banqiao 郑板桥 Xi Shi Diao Chan Yang Guifei Wang Zhaojun Top Beauties Ancient Modern history 西施 貂蟬 楊貴妃 王昭君 古代 美女 羊脂白玉 Mutton Fat White Jade 紅玉 Red 黃玉 Yellow 龍鳳呈祥珮 Dragon and Phoenix Pendant 龍形珮 Dragon Pendant 勾連雲紋 Linking Clouds 榖紋 Grain Totem 羊紋 Sheep Totem 玉琮 Cong 玉璧 Bi 巧雕 坐姿 雙峯 駱駝 Coincident Carved Sitting Double-humped Camel Taiwan Web Museum 台灣網路藝術美術博物館 台湾网络艺术美术博物馆 taiwanwebmuseum blogspot orionwebmuseum com orionandhsu orion hsu 台灣 Taiwan 台湾 Web 博物館 Museum 博物馆 免費 Free 免费 展覽 Exhibition 展览 網路 Internet 互联网 世界 World 世界 網站 Site 网站 中國 China 中国 藝術家 Artist 艺术家 藝術 Art 艺术 畫家 Painter 画家 拍賣 Auction 拍卖 Revenue 收入 2011  Rank List 列名 總收益 总收益 書法 畫家 Painter 画家 名畫 famous painting 名画 work 作品 address 网址 http Andy Warhol 安迪 沃霍尔 美金 Pablo Picasso 巴勃罗 毕加索 星雲 佛 Buddhist Master Qatar Antique 古董 來源 真 關鍵 台北 卡達 香港 Hong Kong 北京 Beijing 倫敦 London 佳士得 蘇富比 保利 Photo Dealer Gallery Sale Investment Beauty US UK USD Treasure Fortune Money Asian Culture Chinese Job Taipei Picasa Google Yahoo FB Facebook Flickr Twitter Wikipedia News TV Album Gmail Christie Sotheby Bonham Heritage Artprice Poly Image Actress Model Newspaper Information People Magazine Movie Star Hollywood Hot Top Pretty Sports Beautiful Pop Apple Jade Jewelry Picture Photograph New Agent Nice Shop Mail UK USA Oil Sculpture Girl Superb Rare Service Sell Catalog Ceramic Archaic Link Map View Feature Account Copy Print Auctioneer House Center Exposition Best Post Calligraphy Finance Financial Bank Spring Summer Fair Show Year Lady Furniture Tang Sung Yuan Ming Qing Shang Bronze Stone Face Good Funds Foundation Gates Fund Owner CEO Founder President Prime Minister Corp Company King Arab Prince Dubai Abu Dhabi UAE Official Carved Porcelain Archaic Xing Yun Mt. Fo Guang University Origin Authenticity Abstract Sculpture Dynasty Year Tag